General Minor

The Minor in Ethics in Society is open to students from any major who wish to explore the ethical dimensions of urgent challenges facing our society today.

image of three students posing for photograph
Photography by: Christine Baker

Whether it is the fairness of immigration policies, the social consequences of climate change, or the moral challenges that homelessness poses for a just society, a Minor in Ethics in Society can help students acquire the tools needed to arrive at well-reasoned and well-informed positions on a wide variety of controversial topics. 

Through coursework in the Minor, students are challenged to build a more robust philosophical foundation for thinking about practical ethical issues than what is typically provided by their major.

A Minor in Ethics in Society requires six courses for a minimum of 25 units.  All courses must be taken for a letter grade.  Courses credited to the Ethics in Society Minor may not be double-counted towards major requirements.


Foundational Courses

ETHICSOC Electives

  • Two ETHICSOC courses at the 100-level or above relating to theme of minor (8-10 units)

University-Wide Electives

  • Two courses at the 100-level or above that address moral or political problems, in either theory or practice, relating to the student's chosen theme of the minor. These may be further ETHICSOC offerings OR courses with substantial ethical content taken in other departments of the university. The latter require approval of the program’s faculty director. (8-10 units)

The electives selected by the student should be focused around a central theme such as environmental ethics, ethics and politics, ethics and economics, or a theme approved by the faculty director. Electives are normally taken after completion of the Foundational Courses.

To apply:

You can access the application here.

Please submit your application to Gillyn Maung at gmaung [at] and feel free to reach out to her for more information.  Please note that submitting an application is required before declaring the minor in Axess.